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health & environment

DOHA MOUNTAIN TRADING & CONTRACTING's primary responsibilties as a Speciality Building

Contracting Company is to provide and maintain a comprehensive Safety Programmers based on the best practices of the construction industry as well as those of our clients and host government. The Safety Program that will be implemented on this project embodies the prevention of accidental, injury, occupational illness and property damage. The company will cooperate with the Main Contractor to provide and maintain a safe, hazard free work place for their employees for fellow workers and the general public.

 

This Project Safety Program will ensure the involvement and active participation of all employees of DOHA MOUNTAIN TRADING & CONTRACTING assigned to this project by enforcing the required safety

training to promote recognition of unsafe acts, potential and actual hazards and the need for immediate

corrective action to be taken. All employees shall be constantly aware of their response to work in a safe

manner.

COMPANY SAFETY POLICY

 

It's our policy to provide and maintain safety and loss prevention programs consist with the best practices of the construction industry as well as those of our clients and host government. This policy is to provide that no employee will be put at risk of life, limb or health by any procedure or standard practice. Commitment to this safety and loss prevention program is formed and aggressive. Moreover, it is the responsibility of every employee to support and promote safety and loss programs in order to ensure a safe working environment and successful completion of project with minimum risk. No employee will operate any powered machinery without a Qatari License if required, and/or certificate of competence signed by a nominated representative of the company.

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SAFETY PROGRAM
The management sets a high standard for the protection of its employees for their safety and health. Constant adherence for safe operating procedure and practices so as to ensure effective control against accident and illness. Providing an adequate and safe place to accommodate for our personnel on site like first aid facilities, educating all personnel in the method of safety procedures using PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) and make them aware of existing restrictions on site also weekly tool box meetings which is organized and implemented by the Loss Prevention Section Supervisor.

ORGANIZATION
Safety Engineer
The safety engineer will be provided with the full authority to stop immediately any unsafe operations, rejection from the project site of any hazardous material or equipment. He is given the authority to call any or all the manpower and site supervisory staff for emergency meetings.

The safety engineer is responsible toward the company's/Management and DO MOUNTAIN TRADING & CONTRACTING for the following:

1. Appoint qualified safety inspectors (if needed) who may be holding other duties but shall be qualified and trained to ensure the strict conformity with the loss prevention program.
2. Organize, schedule and propose the agenda of the foreman's tool box weekly meetings which must be done by the supervisory staff and foreman for all workers at least once in every week.
3. Conduct regularly schedule safety meeting at least once in a month for all supervisors on the project to review past activities to plan ahead for new or changed operations, and establish safe working procedures for anticipated hazards.
4. Time report on any accident related to the project.
5. Will keep the safety files and documents for presentation at any time.

Emergency to be taken:

  • When an emergency condition exists or hearing of "STOP WORK ALARM",every supervisor shall ensure that:
  • All work stops at once.
  • All equipment to be shut down by the contractor.
  • A roll call is taken and every man is accounted for. This is to be done by Site Superintendent. All workers to be sent back to camp.
  • No one shall be per mitted to return to work until notification has been reviewed that it is safe to do so.

Safety Training for Safety Engineer:

  • Low and Safety - Personal Protective Equipment
  • Policy and Administration - Propane Equipment
  • Safety and Supervisor - Vehicles and Transportation
  • Principles of accident prevention - Excavations, Dewatering
  • Site Inspection - Working places, Ladders and Scaffoldings, Shoring
  • Human Behavior - Sand Blasting, Grit Blasting
  • Site Tidiness - Crane and other Lifting Equipment
  • Health - Lifting tackle
  • Electricity - Oxygen and Acetylene Equipment
  • Mechanical Equipment - Fire Prevention and Control
  • Communications


Induction Safety Course for Workmen:

  • Hazards on site
  • Precautions against hazards
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Health
  • Duties of company
  • Employee's duties

Good Housekeeping
It is the first law Of accident prevention at construction site and should be primary concern for all
workers and should be planned at the beginning of the job and carefully supervised and followed to the final clean-up

First Aid
"DOHA MOUNTAIN TRADING & COMRACTING will provide first aid facilities on site for its employees as called for in Qatari Guidelines and Main Contractor Regulations. First Aid supplies, with sufficient quantities, shall be kept readily available in First Aid Cabinet.

List of Aid Items

  •  12 Stride finger dressing
  • 6 Stride medium size hand
  • dressing A sufficient supply of absorbent cotton for packing and firming-up splints.
  • 200 grams of cotton wool in small 25gram packages two(2) 500- gram packages
  • 12 Gauze Bandages, 7 cm in width 12 Guaze Bandages, 11cm In width
  • A roll not less than 4 yards Of adhesive tape, I cm in width
  •  A bottle not less than 100 grams of mercurochrome in aqueous solution
  • Two packs of 10-gram shocker's sulfa powder for sterilization of wounds on cuts 100 Safety pins
  • A sufficient stock of ointment for burns containing a disinfectant and analgesic bandage for bums and cuts
  • A sufficient stock, minimum Of ten ( I O) 70 x 70 bandages for burns and Cuts A pair of sterilize scissors with blunt end
  •  Eye wash solution and eye bath
  • Oval eye pads
  • A sufficient stock of HI-Medi-plant for minor cuts a sufficient number of analgesic creams
  • A sufficient stock of plaster for pain killers, etc. First Aid Handbook
  • First aid cabinet shall be placed under the charge of the safety engineer who shall ensure that the cabinet is well
  • stocked at all times. Personnel injury log should be maintained to keep an up-to-date record of first aid cases and other injuries. We will also indicate by posted notice the following:
  • The name Of the person who is in charge Of the first aid cabinet
  • The hospital to Which any injured person Who requires hospital treatment is to be sent
  • The emergency telephone number to be called for assistance

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
It is the responsibility of the safety engineer to forecast potential hazards at site and stock up on personal protective equipment. He will instruct all site personal on the procedures and method of usage of the following equipment.
Head Protection
Safety hats or helmets which Will protect the head from flying particles, electric shock or any combination. Management Supervisor and Safety Supervisor Will ensure the plastic helmet shall not be painted as paint solvent can cause serious deterioration of the plastic material.
Eyes and Face Protection
The type of protection must be selected, fitted and used with regards of both types of hazard and the optical condition of the user. Factors to be considered in selecting impact resistant eye protection include the degree of protection required and the comfort provided. Protection equipment Will be worn while operating grinder, electric saw, etc.

Types of protection:
l. Eyes Protection from Radiant Energies- Welding goggles are to be used by all personnel operating a
welding or oxygen acetylene set.
2. Face Protection- face shield to be worn while welding by welders, fabricators and their helpers to avoid any flying articles
3. Ear Protection —ear protection is to be used When needed like earmuffs, ear plugs etc.
4. Overall Protection — all workers working with grinding GRP materials shall wear overall clothing protection to prevent body contact with fiber

FIRE PREVENTION SAFETY PROGRAMME

A set of special instructions will be issued to foremen and staff or action in conditions of potential fire hazards, see to it that several key personnel know how to use fire extinguishers and fire aid application in case Of fire accidents. All personnel must report all fires incidents to the facility supervisor immediately upon discovery.

  • All warning signs Will be substantially erected and in Arabic and English with applicable legend and color codes, in addition to being strategically located.
  • Smoking is absolutely prohibited within the construction site. It shall be permitted only in designated
  • smoking areas.
  • In smoking areas non-combustible containers shall be provided for cigarette butts, etc. Separate containers must be provided for waste paper, trash and Other flammable materials.
  • Accessibility Of fire hydrants Will be maintained at all times.
  • Firetighting equipment must always ready for use at all times.

TOOLS
All electrical operated tools shall be rated and used at a voltage not exceeding 125V.
Before any electrical tool is used, a careful check shall be made by the supervisor to ensure that the supply voltage is within the range marked on the information plate on the tool. All electrical circuits shall be protected by Ground Fault Interrupter (GFI).


TRAFFIC HAZARD
Contractor Will inform all his personnel and drivers to adhere With limit 200km in the refinery
Contractor must ensure the following corrective measures.

  • Barriers/Barricades/Signs to be placed 50-100 meters before work area.
  • Instruct flagman in proper use of flag and how to direct traffic in the direction to follow.
  • Red florescent flag to be used by flagman.

SCAFFOLDING
All scaffolds will be having a "Certificate of Competence" signed by the nominated company representative in accordance with the respective section of the Clients Construction Manual.
Contractors must ensure that all scaffolds are provided with the following;

  • Castors with stops for moveable scaffolding.
  • Working platforms must be at least 600mm wide
  • Full toe board at each landing area
  • Guard rail shall be provided at each landing.
  • A suitable ladder Will be installed in order to get proper access in the scaffolding.
  • Extreme care shall be taken while erecting the scaffolding to be utilized for the dining activity area due to the extra height.
  • Proper bracing shall be provided.
  • The foundation should be checked to see that there is no possibility of undermining. Stability of the
  • Scaffolding.


LADDERS, STEPLADDERS
Any work to be performed six (6) feet above the ground will involve the use of a ladder/step ladder. Scaffolding when used must be installed properly.

Basic Guidelines for Iadders, Step ladder and scaffolding:
-The safety Of a ladder/step ladder depends on four important factors namely, section, condition. Position and use.
Ladders and stepladders must be maintained in good condition at all times. Joints shall be installed tight, all hardware and fittings shall be securely attached and movable parts must operate freely without bending or buckling.
Unneccessary sidewards/backwards movement should be prevented and all accessories should not be painted.
•Oil spills, mud, scrap and Other debris must be cleaned and removed in the vicinity Of the ladders, stepladders or scaffolding.

FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS AND HAZARDS
Flammable liquids must be stored and transported in metal containers which are clearly labeled. Container storage area must be surrounded by fencing at a designated area at the laydown yard.

MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE
A proper inspection and maintenance routine shall be established by the contractor for all electrical tools. All tools shall be stored in a clean, dry place and a record of issue and receipt shall be maintained by the storekeeper.

LIFTING OPERATION
Contractor fully acknowledges that the following steps will be taken prior to erecting Structural steel and/or precast elements:

Shop drawings shall be prepared showing proposed location of crane while erecting,Crane to be utilized must have a valid DOHA MOUNTAIN TRADING & CONTRACTING sticker. crane operator must have a Qatari license and shall Obtain an DOHA MOUNTAIN TRADING & CONTRACTING license. Two (2)flag men shall be provided at both ends of the crane to lead the operation. Lifting of items shall be executed by means of proper chains made from steel or plastic ropes. Trial erections for large elements will be provided.
Ensure there is a load/weight chart in cab of crane — prevent over loading.

HAZAR IDENTIFICATION
General Identification.
Hazard "A" — Energized Power Distribution Lines.
Hazard "B" — Excavation, Lifting & transportation.
Hazard "C" — Welding, Painting & Coating works, Material Handling and power tools Hazardous

Operation Procedure
Hazard "A" — Energized Power Distriution Lines.

Corrective measures: Permit Will obtained from Electrical Provider before working on or near energized power distribution lines. Proper tagging and locking system Will be followed.

Hazards"B" —Excavation Area Corrective measures: No pedestrian traffic and keep out signs barriers,shoring or angle of repose.

Hazard "B" —Lifting
Corrective measures:
Crane operators will have Qatari license and DOHA MOUNTAIN TRADING & CONTRACTING certificate and current crane inspection sticker. SWL will be marked on crane and lifting tackles. Crane operator will act on the signals Of one man only. Loads will only not leave the controls When load is lifted. Critical lift plan will be submitted for APMT approval. Lifting hooks Will be provided With proper latches. Tag lines Will be used on all lifts.

Hazard "B" —Transportation
Corrective measures:
Drivers will have proper Qatari license and DOHA MOUNTAIN TRADING & CONTRACTING operation certificate for the class of vehicles they are driving. Passengers will be carried only in the passenger compartment of cars, trucks and buses. Seat belts Will be fastened by all passengers except in buses where seat belts Will be secured by drivers only. All vehicles Will be parked uniformly in their designated parking areas.

Hazard "C" - Power Tools


Corrective Measures:
All electrically operated tools will be rated and used at a voltage not exceeding 125V.
Before any electrical tools are used, a careful check will be made by the Supervisor to ensure that the supply voltage is within the range marked on the information plate on the tools. All electrical circuits will be protected by Ground Fault Interrupters (GFI). A proper inspection and maintenance will be established for all electrical tools. The inspection and maintenance of all tools will be carried out at least once in every working week by a competent electrician. All tools will be stored in a clean, dry place and a record of issue and receipts will be maintained.

Hazard "C" - Welding

Corrective Measures:
Adequate and approved firefighting equipment will be provided in the immediate area of all welding operator. Sparks will not be permitted to all gas cylinders, flammable material or operating equipment. Proper personal protective equipment will be provided to welders including mandatory requirement for welders to wear hard hats.
Ground return clamps will be attached to the work piece.
Electrodes will be removed from the holders when not in use.

Hazard "C" - Painting & Coating Works

In addition to the usual hazards associated with construction activities, workmen engaged in surface preparation & paint application can be exposed to the danger of fire, explosion, chemical fume, toxic fume, dust and insufficient air. All necessary precautions must be taken in accordance with manufactures instruction

Fire and Explosion from Solvents
1. In paint systems it is normally the solvent vapor that is flammable and generally the other components are less dangerous and non-explosive. Most gases with volatile properties are flammable once in contact with fire. Proper care and handling of paint thinners is to be followed.

2. Flashpoint - The flashpoint is denned as the lowest temperature at which a liquid will give sufficient vapor fumes to ignite when exposed to an open flame

3. Flammable (Explosive) Limits

The lower and upper flammable explosive limits define the range of any vapor concentrations that are potentially explosive. The lower flammable explosive limit (LEL) is typically in the range of 1% to 2% by volume a level readily obtained in the area near opened solvent containers and near the nozzle of a spray painting gun operation.

Health Hazards
Toxicity

  • Most of the solvent contained in paints or used for cleaning are toxic in varying degrees. The dangers can arise from inhalation, ingestion, or skin absorption.
  • Examples of acceptable solvents are aliphatic or aromatic solvents such as mineral spirits and naphtha, enamel thinner, toluene, xylene, methyl ethyl ketone, turpentine, and methyl isobutyl ketone. These solvents are listed in order Of increasing toxicity.
  • Examples Of extremely toxic solvents are benzene, methylcellulose acetate chlorinated solvents such as carbon tetrachloride. Due to their high toxicity, none of these solvents are used.


Skin Irritations

l. The vapor from solvents can cause mild to quite severe allergic skin irritations. The alkaline catalysts used in many epoxy paints can cause severe chemical bums if not washed or immediately with water.
2. Strong degreasing solvents such as ketones and aromatic hydrocarbons remove natural skin oils and promote skin cracking. Adequate and readily available washing facilities would be provided on site so that workmen do not have to use thinners and cleaners for washing up.
3. Barrier creams are substances rubbed on the skin for protection against paint and solvents. One example is PLY NO-I, a cream especially designed to protect skin from paints.

Equipment Hazards

Hazards from Hand Operated and Power Tools
The principal hazard associated with hand and power tools are flying particles and dust. The applicable persenal protective gear shown in will be worn. Electrically driven power tools will be properly grounded to prevent shock
3. Power equipment will be operated at the speeds recommended by the manufacturer.

Hazards from Sand Blasting

l. Dust from sand-blasting operations constitutes a serious health hazard, both to the operator and to the Other workmen in the immediate area. The applicable personal protective gear listed will be worn.
2. Sandblast nozzles will be equipped with a remote control shut of the variety to reduce the hazard of injury to nearby workmen if the hose is dropped.
3. The blast nozzle will be electrically grounded to prevent static electrical discharges or shocks to operating personnel.
4. A noise hazard exists with sand blasting. Ear protection will always be worn when blasting particularly with in confined areas.
5. Air quality tests are performed using instruments to determine if breathing air needs Grade D quality (Compressed Gas Association).

health & environment

Hazards from Solvent Cleaning

l. Hazard Cleaning Solvent — Substances that contain volatile properties with high falshpoint(classified as flammable liquid). Permissible solvents for wiping include mineral spirits, petra naphta, turpentine, xylene, and toluene, benzene, gasoline, carbon tetrachloride, and hydrocarbons are dangerous and will not be used.
A fire and explosion hazard always exists when using solvents, especially in confined areas. Adequate ventilation will be supplied.

2. Hazards from Paint Preparation and Equipment Cleaning
The paints will be mixed either outside or in an adequate ventilated area.
Adequate washing facilities would be readily available so that the paints and solvents splashed on the body or in the eyes can be removed immediately.
Electric Electrically driven power mixers will be grounded

Hazards from Paint Applications:
Spray painting results in local high solvent vapor concentrations, given rise to serious fire and explosion
hazards, Spray painting will never be done either on or surfaces hotter than summer ambient temperatures or near open flames. Adequate ventilation wills be maintained in confined area.
Hazard "C" — Material handling

Corrective measures:
DO not stack materials to unstable height.
Man should know his capacity and ask for help with loads beyond his capability.
The man lifting his load should be prepared for the slip. Safety foot wear and gloves should be worn. A good grip straight back should be maintained